John the Baptist
Jesus the Christ
Luke Chapters 1 and 2
Matthew Chapters 2 and 3
Timetable for John The Baptist and Jesus The Christ Birthdays
- Nisan 1 3758 was March 17, 3 BCE
- Nisan 14th is Passover Luke 12:5-25
- Nisan 14-21 Temple Service Zacharias March 30- April 6, 3 BCE
- Nisan 29 3758 Conception of John the Baptist April 14, 3 BCE (Luke 1:23)
- Ehul 29 3758 Gabriel visits Mary September 9, 3 BCE (Luke 1:24)
- Ehul 29, 3758 Elizabeth is 5 month pregnant with John September 9, 3 BCE (Luke 1:24)
- Tishri 1, 3759 Day of Atonement, Feast of Trumpets Mary conceives Jesus September 10, 3 BCE (Luke 1:26-35)
- Tishri 10, 3759 Yom Kippur Mary starts her travels to visit Elizabeth September 19, 3 BCE (Luke 1:39-56)
- Tebet 10-14, 3759 Mary returns home to Joseph December 21, 3 BCE (Matthew 1:18-25)
- Shebet 1, 3759 John the Baptist is born January 6, 2 BCE
- Nisan1, 3759 was March 7, 2 BCE
- Sivan 6, 3759 Jesus was born of Mary in Bethleham June 2, 2 BCE (Luke 2)
- Tebet 11, 3761 (December 25, 1 BCE) Wisemen go to house of Joseph, Mary, and Jesus (Matthew 2:11)
- Shebet 14, 3761 Herod dies January 26 1 AD
The Jewish year of 3759 had a 13 month calendar 383 days instead of a 12 month calendar of 354 days.
Sivan 6 is the first day of Pentecost (which is the day Moses came off the mountain with the tablets – Word of God) John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. 8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9 That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world] 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own and His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
|Hebrew 3758 – 3759||Roman year 3 B.C.|
|Fast of Esther||Adar 13, 3758||February 28, 3 B.C.|
|Purim||Adar 14-15, 3758||March 1-2, 3 B.C.|
|Passover Sacrifice (Pesach)||Nisan 14, 3758||March 30, 3 B.C.|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) (Pesach)||Nisan 15-21, 3758||March 31-April 6, 3 B.C.|
|Feast of Weeks (Shevuot)||Sivan 5, 3758||May 19, 3 B.C.|
|Fast of the 17th Day of Tammuz||Tammuz 17, 3758||June 30, 3 B.C.|
|Fast of the 9th Day of Av||Av 9, 3758||July 21, 3 B.C.|
|Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)||Tishri 1, 3759||September 10, 3 B.C.|
|Fast of Gedaliah||Tishri 3, 3759||September 12, 3 B.C.|
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)||Tishri 10, 3759||September 19, 3 B.C.|
|Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)||Tishri 15-21, 3759||September 24-30, 3 B.C.|
|The Eighth Day (Shmini Atzeret)||Tishri 22, 3759||October 1, 3 B.C.|
|Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)||Kislev 25-Tebet 2, 3759||December 2-9, 3 B.C.|
|Fast of 10th of Tebet||Tebet 10, 3759||December 17, 3 B.C.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3759||Tishri 1, 3759, 5 hours, 604 parts||September 9, 3 B.C., 11:33:33.33 p.m.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3760||Tishri 1, 3760, 3 hours, 113 parts||September 28, 2 B.C., 9:06:16.67 p.m.|
|Vernal Equinox||Nisan 7, 3758, 15 hours, 163 parts||March 23, 3 B.C., 9:09 a.m.|
|Summer Solstice||Tammuz 12, 3758, 14 hours, 303 parts||June 25, 3 B.C., 8:16 a.m.|
|Autumnal Equinox||Tishri 17, 3759, 1 hour, 21 parts||September 25, 3 B.C., 7:01 p.m.|
|Winter Solstice||Tebet 16, 3759, 17 hours, 706 parts||December 23, 3 B.C., 11:39 a.m.|
|Hebrew 3759 – 3760||Roman year 2 B.C.|
|(12a) Adar I||5||6||7||8||9||10||11||9||10||11||12||13||14||15|
|(12b) Adar II||3||4||5||6||7||8||9||9||10||11||12||13||14||15|
|Jesus Born (3) Sivan||6||7||8||9||10||11||12||8||9||10||11||12||13||14|
|Fast of Esther||Adar II 13, 3759||March 19, 2 B.C.|
|Purim||Adar II 14-15, 3759||March 20-21, 2 B.C.|
|Passover Sacrifice (Pesach)||Nisan 14, 3759||April 18, 2 B.C.|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) (Pesach)||Nisan 15-21, 3759||April 19-25, 2 B.C.|
|Feast of Weeks (Shevuot)||Sivan 6, 3759||June 8, 2 B.C.|
|Fast of the 17th Day of Tammuz||Tammuz 18, 3759||July 20, 2 B.C.|
|Fast of the 9th Day of Av||Av 10, 3759||August 10, 2 B.C.|
|Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)||Tishri 1, 3760||September 29, 2 B.C.|
|Fast of Gedaliah||Tishri 3, 3760||October 1, 2 B.C.|
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)||Tishri 10, 3760||October 8, 2 B.C.|
|Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)||Tishri 15-21, 3760||October 13-19, 2 B.C.|
|The Eighth Day (Shmini Atzeret)||Tishri 22, 3760||October 20, 2 B.C.|
|Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)||Kislev 25-Tebet 2, 3760||December 22-29, 2 B.C.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3760||Tishri 1, 3760, 3 hours, 113 parts||September 28, 2 B.C., 9:06:16.67 p.m.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3761||Elul 29, 3760, 11 hours, 989 parts||September 17, 1 B.C., 5:54:56.67 a.m.|
|Vernal Equinox||Adar II 17, 3759, 20 hours, 1010 parts||March 23, 2 B.C., 2:56 p.m.|
|Summer Solstice||Sivan 23, 3759, 20 hours, 62 parts||June 25, 2 B.C., 2:03 p.m.|
|Autumnal Equinox||Elul 27, 3759, 6 hours, 885 parts||September 26, 2 B.C., 12:49 a.m.|
|Winter Solstice||Kislev 26, 3760, 23 hours, 503 parts||December 23, 2 B.C., 5:27 p.m.|
|Hebrew 3760 – 3761||Roman year 1 B.C.|
|Wise Men(10) Tebet||5||6||7||8||9||10||11||19||20||21||22||23||24||25|
|Fast of 10th of Tebet||Tebet 10, 3760||January 6, 1 B.C.|
|Fast of Esther||Adar 13, 3760||March 8, 1 B.C.|
|Purim||Adar 14-15, 3760||March 9-10, 1 B.C.|
|Passover Sacrifice (Pesach)||Nisan 14, 3760||April 7, 1 B.C.|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) (Pesach)||Nisan 15-21, 3760||April 8-14, 1 B.C.|
|Feast of Weeks (Shevuot)||Sivan 8, 3760||May 30, 1 B.C.|
|Fast of the 17th Day of Tammuz||Tammuz 17, 3760||July 8, 1 B.C.|
|Fast of the 9th Day of Av||Av 9, 3760||July 29, 1 B.C.|
|Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)||Tishri 1, 3761||September 18, 1 B.C.|
|Fast of Gedaliah||Tishri 3, 3761||September 20, 1 B.C.|
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)||Tishri 10, 3761||September 27, 1 B.C.|
|Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)||Tishri 15-21, 3761||October 2-8, 1 B.C.|
|The Eighth Day (Shmini Atzeret)||Tishri 22, 3761||October 9, 1 B.C.|
|Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)||Kislev 25-Tebet 3, 3761||December 10-17, 1 B.C.|
|Fast of 10th of Tebet||Tebet 10, 3761||December 24, 1 B.C.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3761||Elul 29, 3760, 11 hours, 989 parts||September 17, 1 B.C., 5:54:56.67 a.m.|
|Molad of Tishri, 3762||Tishri 1, 3762, 9 hours, 498 parts||October 6, 1, 3:27:40 a.m.|
|Vernal Equinox||Adar 28, 3760, 2 hours, 790 parts||March 22, 1 B.C., 8:43 p.m.|
|Summer Solstice||Tammuz 4, 3760, 1 hour, 915 parts||June 24, 1 B.C., 7:50 p.m.|
|Autumnal Equinox||Tishri 8, 3761, 12 hours, 681 parts||September 25, 1 B.C., 6:37 a.m.|
|Winter Solstice||Tebet 9, 3761, 5 hours, 313 parts||December 22, 1 B.C., 11:17 p.m.|
|Hebrew 3761 – 3762||Roman year A.D. 1|
|(12a) Adar I||2||3||4||5||6||7||8||13||14||15||16||17||18||19|
|(12b) Adar II||7||8||9||10||11||12||13||20||21||22||23||24||25||26|
|Fast of Esther||Adar II 11, 3761||March 24, 1|
|Purim||Adar II 14-15, 3761||March 27-28, 1|
|Passover Sacrifice (Pesach)||Nisan 14, 3761||April 25, 1|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) (Pesach)||Nisan 15-21, 3761||April 26-May 2, 1|
|Feast of Weeks (Shevuot)||Sivan 10, 3761||June 19, 1|
|Fast of the 17th Day of Tammuz||Tammuz 17, 3761||July 26, 1|
|Fast of the 9th Day of Av||Av 9, 3761||August 16, 1|
|Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)||Tishri 1, 3762||October 6, 1|
|Fast of Gedaliah||Tishri 4, 3762||October 9, 1|
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)||Tishri 10, 3762||October 15, 1|
|Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)||Tishri 15-21, 3762||October 20-26, 1|
|The Eighth Day (Shmini Atzeret)||Tishri 22, 3762||October 27, 1|
|Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)||Kislev 25-Tebet 2, 3762||December 29, 1-January 5, 2|
|Molad of Tishri, 3762||Tishri 1, 3762, 9 hours, 498 parts||October 6, 1, 3:27:40 a.m.|
|Vernal Equinox||Adar II 10, 3761, 8 hours, 584 parts||March 23, 1, 2:32 a.m.|
|Summer Solstice||Sivan 16, 3761, 7 hours, 702 parts||June 25, 1, 1:39 a.m.|
|Autumnal Equinox||Elul 19, 3761, 18 hours, 492 parts||September 25, 1, 12:27 p.m.|
|Winter Solstice||Kislev 19, 3762, 11 hours, 137 parts||December 23, 1, 5:07 a.m.|
Luke 1 New King James Version (NKJV)
John’s Birth Announced to Zacharias
5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. 7 But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both well advanced in years.
8 So it was, that while he was serving as priest before God in the order of his division, 9 according to the custom of the priesthood, his lot fell to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. 10 And the whole multitude of the people was praying outside at the hour of incense. 11 Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.
13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will also be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 16 And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”
18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.”
19 And the angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and was sent to speak to you and bring you these glad tidings. 20 But behold, you will be mute and not able to speak until the day these things take place, because you did not believe my words which will be fulfilled in their own time.”
21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marveled that he lingered so long in the temple. 22 But when he came out, he could not speak to them; and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple, for he beckoned to them and remained speechless.
23 So it was, as soon as the days of his service were completed, that he departed to his own house. 24 Now after those days his wife Elizabeth conceived; and she hid herself five months, saying, 25 “Thus the Lord has dealt with me, in the days when He looked on me, to take away my reproach among people.”
Christ’s Birth Announced to Mary
26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among women!”
29 But when she saw him she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was. 30 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. 33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”
34 Then Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I do not know a man?”
35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God. 36 Now indeed, Elizabeth your relative has also conceived a son in her old age; and this is now the sixth month for her who was called barren. 37 For with God nothing will be impossible.”
38 Then Mary said, “Behold the maidservant of the Lord! Let it be to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.
Mary Visits Elizabeth
39 Now Mary arose in those days and went into the hill country with haste, to a city of Judah, 40 and entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And it happened, when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, that the babe leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 Then she spoke out with a loud voice and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 But why is this granted to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For indeed, as soon as the voice of your greeting sounded in my ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. 45 Blessed is she who believed, for there will be a fulfillment of those things which were told her from the Lord.”
The Song of Mary
46 And Mary said:
“My soul magnifies the Lord,
47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
48 For He has regarded the lowly state of His maidservant;
For behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed.
49 For He who is mighty has done great things for me,
And holy is His name.
50 And His mercy is on those who fear Him
From generation to generation.
51 He has shown strength with His arm;
He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
52 He has put down the mighty from their thrones,
And exalted the lowly.
53 He has filled the hungry with good things,
And the rich He has sent away empty.
54 He has helped His servant Israel,
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 As He spoke to our fathers,
To Abraham and to his seed forever.”
56 And Mary remained with her about three months, and returned to her house.
Birth of John the Baptist
57 Now Elizabeth’s full time came for her to be delivered, and she brought forth a son. 58 When her neighbors and relatives heard how the Lord had shown great mercy to her, they rejoiced with her.
Circumcision of John the Baptist
59 So it was, on the eighth day, that they came to circumcise the child; and they would have called him by the name of his father, Zacharias. 60 His mother answered and said, “No; he shall be called John.”
61 But they said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who is called by this name.” 62 So they made signs to his father—what he would have him called.
63 And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, saying, “His name is John.” So they all marveled. 64 Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, praising God. 65 Then fear came on all who dwelt around them; and all these sayings were discussed throughout all the hill country of Judea. 66 And all those who heard them kept them in their hearts, saying, “What kind of child will this be?” And the hand of the Lord was with him.
67 Now his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying:
68 “Blessed is the Lord God of Israel,
For He has visited and redeemed His people,
69 And has raised up a horn of salvation for us
In the house of His servant David,
70 As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets,
Who have been since the world began,
71 That we should be saved from our enemies
And from the hand of all who hate us,
72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers
And to remember His holy covenant,
73 The oath which He swore to our father Abraham:
74 To grant us that we,
Being delivered from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 In holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.
76 “And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Highest;
For you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways,
77 To give knowledge of salvation to His people
By the remission of their sins,
78 Through the tender mercy of our God,
With which the Dayspring from on high has visited us;
79 To give light to those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death,
To guide our feet into the way of peace.”
80 So the child grew and became strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his manifestation to Israel.
Luke 2 New King James Version (NKJV)
Christ Born of Mary
2 And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. 2 This census first took place while Quirinius was governing Syria. 3 So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city.
4 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, 5 to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. 6 So it was, that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. 7 And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.
Glory in the Highest
8 Now there were in the same country shepherds living out in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 And behold,[ an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were greatly afraid. 10 Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people. 11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a manger.”
13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying:
14 “Glory to God in the highest,
And on earth peace, goodwill toward men!”
15 So it was, when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, that the shepherds said to one another, “Let us now go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has come to pass, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16 And they came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in a manger. 17 Now when they had seen Him, they made widelyknown the saying which was told them concerning this Child. 18 And all those who heard it marveled at those things which were told them by the shepherds. 19 But Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. 20 Then the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told them.
Circumcision of Jesus
21 And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child. His name was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.
Jesus Presented in the Temple
22 Now when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.
Simeon Sees God’s Salvation
25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the Consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 So he came by the Spirit into the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law, 28 he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said:
29 “Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace,
According to Your word;
30 For my eyes have seen Your salvation
31 Which You have prepared before the face of all peoples,
32 A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles,
And the glory of Your people Israel.”
33 And Joseph and His mother marveled at those things which were spoken of Him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against 35 (yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”
Anna Bears Witness to the Redeemer
36 Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity; 37 and this woman was a widow of about eighty-four years, who did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day. 38 And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
[Insert Matthew Chapter 2 – The wise men and travel to Egypt]
The Family Returns to Nazareth
39 So when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth. 40 And the Child grew and became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him.
The Boy Jesus Amazes the Scholars
41 His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast. 43 When they had finished the days, as they returned, the Boy Jesus lingered behind in Jerusalem. And Joseph and His mother did not know it; 44 but supposing Him to have been in the company, they went a day’s journey, and sought Him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45 So when they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him. 46 Now so it was that after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47 And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers. 48 So when they saw Him, they were amazed; and His mother said to Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Look, Your father and I have sought You anxiously.”
49 And He said to them, “Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?” 50 But they did not understand the statement which He spoke to them.
Jesus Advances in Wisdom and Favor
51 Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.
Matthew 2 New King James Version (NKJV)
Wise Men from the East
2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him.”
3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born.
5 So they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written by the prophet:
6 ‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
Are not the least among the rulers of Judah;
For out of you shall come a Ruler
Who will shepherd My people Israel.’
7 Then Herod, when he had secretly called the wise men, determined from them what time the star appeared. 8 And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the young Child, and when you have found Him, bring back word to me, that I may come and worship Him also.”
9 When they heard the king, they departed; and behold, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came and stood over where the young Child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. 11 And when they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down and worshiped Him. And when they had opened their treasures, they presented gifts to Him: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
12 Then, being divinely warned in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed for their own country another way.
The Flight into Egypt
13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him.”
14 When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, 15 and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”
Massacre of the Innocents
16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was deceived by the wise men, was exceedingly angry; and he sent forth and put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all its districts, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the wise men. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying:
18 “A voice was heard in Ramah,
Lamentation, weeping, and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children,
Refusing to be comforted,
Because they are no more.”
The Home in Nazareth
19 Now when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the young Child’s life are dead.” 21 Then he arose, took the young Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel.
22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea instead of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. And being warned by God in a dream, he turned aside into the region of Galilee. 23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, “He shall be called a Nazarene.”
Matthew 3 New King James Version (NKJV)
John the Baptist Prepares the Way
3 In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!” 3 For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying:
“The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord;
Make His paths straight.’”
4 Now John himself was clothed in camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist; and his food was locusts and wild honey. 5 Then Jerusalem, all Judea, and all the region around the Jordan went out to him 6 and were baptized by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins.
7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, 9 and do not think to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 10 And even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
John Baptizes Jesus
13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him. 14 And John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?”
15 But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he allowed Him.
16 When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. 17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Luke 2:11-12 Sivan 6, 3759 (First Day of Pentecost)
Jesus was born of Mary in Bethleham June 2, 2 BCE
Luke 2:11-12 New King James Version (NKJV)
11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a manger.”
Luke 2:11-12 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
11 Today a Savior, who is Messiah the Lord, was born for you in the city of David. 12 This will be the sign for you: You will find a baby wrapped snugly in cloth and lying in a feeding trough.”
Luke 2:11-12 New Living Translation (NLT)
11 The Savior—yes, the Messiah, the Lord—has been born today in Bethlehem, the city of David!12 And you will recognize him by this sign: You will find a baby wrapped snugly in strips of cloth, lying in a manger.”
Luke 2:11-12 J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS) A vision comes to shepherds on the hill-side
8-12 There were some shepherds living in the same part of the country, keeping guard throughout the night over their flocks in the open fields. Suddenly an angel of the Lord stood by their side, the splendour of the Lord blazed around them, and they were terror-stricken. But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid! Listen, I bring you glorious news of great joy which is for all the people. This very day, in David’s town, a Saviour has been born for you. He is Christ, the Lord. Let this prove it to you: you will find a baby, wrapped up and lying in a manger.”
Luke 2:11-12New International Version (NIV)
11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord. 12 This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”
Luke 2:11-12The Message (MSG) An Event for Everyone
8-12 There were sheepherders camping in the neighborhood. They had set night watches over their sheep. Suddenly, God’s angel stood among them and God’s glory blazed around them. They were terrified. The angel said, “Don’t be afraid. I’m here to announce a great and joyful event that is meant for everybody, worldwide: A Savior has just been born in David’s town, a Savior who is Messiah and Master. This is what you’re to look for: a baby wrapped in a blanket and lying in a manger.”
Matthew 2:11 Wise Men visit young child (Jesus) in house on December 25, 2 BCE Kislev 28, 3760
Matthew 2 New King James Version (NKJV)
11 And when they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down and worshiped Him. And when they had opened their treasures, they presented gifts to Him: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
Matthew 2:11Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)
11 Entering the house, they saw the child with Mary His mother, and falling to their knees, they worshiped Him. Then they opened their treasures and presented Him with gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
Matthew 2:11New Living Translation (NLT)
11 They entered the house and saw the child with his mother, Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasure chests and gave him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
Matthew 2:11J.B. Phillips New Testament (PHILLIPS)
11-12 So they went into the house and saw the little child with his mother Mary. And they fell on their knees and worshipped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts—gold, incense and myrrh. Then, since they were warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they went back to their own country by a different route.
Matthew 2:11New International Version (NIV)
11 On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Matthew 2:11The Message (MSG)
11 They entered the house and saw the child in the arms of Mary, his mother. Overcome, they kneeled and worshiped him. Then they opened their luggage and presented gifts: gold, frankincense, myrrh.
Is a ‘high day’ a weekly Sabbath?
Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. (John 19:31)
What is the “high-day Sabbath” mentioned in this verse? Is it the same as a weekly Sabbath? The answer is no. A high day is technically an annual holy day, or annual Sabbath, as commanded in Leviticus 23. Certainly, the weekly Sabbath is a day to keep holy, but these annual holy days take precedence if they occur on the seventh-day Sabbath.
The annual Sabbaths are seven: the first and seventh days of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah in Hebrew), Atonement (Yom Kippur), the first day of Tabernacles (Succoth), and the Last Great Day. The first three occur in the spring, and the last four in the fall. Thus, the high day of which John was speaking was one of the three spring holy days, and since Jesus crucifixion took place on the day of Passover (Nisan 14 on the Hebrew calendar), the high day of which he speaks must be the first day of Unleavened Bread, which falls the day after the Passover (Nisan 15).
This verse also provides some very interesting and definitive proof of when Jesus died, and thus when He was resurrected. Jesus Himself said several times that His time in the tomb would be three days and three nights, just as the prophet Jonah had spent three days and nights in the fish’s belly (see Matthew 12:38-40; 27:63; Mark 8:31; John 2:18-22). This in itself rules out a Friday crucifixion-Sunday resurrection because there is no way to cram three days and three nights between sunset on Friday and sunrise on Sunday.
If Jesus rose exactly three days and three nights after His burial (just before sunset; see Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34), the only candidate for His resurrection is the very end of the Sabbath at sunset. Counting back three full days, then, Jesus must have died on the previous Wednesday, which would have been the day of the Passover (Jesus and His disciples had observed the Passover the evening before). The first day of Unleavened Bread began just minutes after Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus sealed His tomb.
The gospel account says that, after this, His disciples and the women kept the holy day on Thursday (Mark 16:1). On Friday, the preparation day for the weekly Sabbath, the women prepared spices for His embalming (this was a normal workday; see Luke 23:56), then kept the weekly Sabbath. When they came to the tomb early Sunday morning, He had already risen some time before. He rose exactly three days and three nights from His interment (a full 72 hours) at sunset as the weekly Sabbath ended. This shows that there were two Sabbaths—a high day and a weekly Sabbath—during the time of His burial, not one!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
High Sabbaths, in Christian and Messianic Jewish usage, are seven annual Biblical festivals and rest days, recorded in the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. This is an extension of the term “high day” found in the King James Version at John 19:31-42.
Biblical rest days
The seven festivals do not necessarily occur on weekly Shabbat (seventh-day Sabbath) and are called by the name miqra (“called assembly”) in Hebrew (Lev. 23). They are observed by Jews and a minority of Christians. Three of them occur in spring: the first and seventh days of Pesach (Passover), and Shavuot (Pentecost) which occurs in summer. Three occur in fall, in the seventh month, and are also called shabbaton: Rosh Hashanah (Trumpets); Yom Kippur, the “Sabbath of Sabbaths” (Atonement); and the first and eighth days of Sukkoth (Tabernacles). Sometimes the word shabbaton is extended to mean all seven festivals.
The Gospel of John says of the night immediately following Christ‘s burial that “that sabbath day was a high day” (19:31-42). That night was Nisan 15, just after the first day of Passover week (Unleavened Bread) and an annual miqra and rest day, in most chronologies. (In other systems, it was Nisan 14, i.e., weekly but not annual Sabbath.) The King James Version may thus be the origin of naming the annual rest days “High Sabbaths” in English.
High Holy Days
The ten-day period between the High Sabbaths of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur inclusive is commonly referred to as the High Holy Days.
- Jump up ^ “After the Crucifixion: The Three Days and the Three Nights”. Theological FAQs. Blue Letter Bible.
- Jump up ^ Parsons, John J. “Reshit Katzir: Messiah as the Beginning of the Harvest”. Hebrew for Christians.
- Jump up ^ “FAQ: Is a ‘high day’ a weekly Sabbath?”. Sabbath.org. Church of the Great God.
- Jump up ^ White, Lew. “The Seven Sabbaths of the Year”. Fossilized Customs.
- Jump up ^ Chumney, Eddie. “The Festival of Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah)”. The Seven Festivals of the Messiah. Feasts of the Lord.
After the Crucifixion :: The Three Days and the Three Nights
For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)
If Matthew 12:40 literally means three days and three nights then the crucifixion cannot be on Friday. Some say rather than a literal three days it is an old idiom referring to the two days prior to the day being spoken of. We have found nothing to substantiate this view. The Friday crucifixion is the most widely held view due to the traditional celebration of Easter. Did the crucifixion actually take place on Wednesday, Thursday or Friday?
In order to make the most informed estimate, we need to examine the Sabbath. The original Hebrew word “Shabbath” is defined as: an intermission, the day of rest, the holy seventh day; a week (Leviticus 23:15 [cf. Deuteronomy 16:9; Matthew 28:1]), the sacred seventh year, a sabbatical year.
Leviticus 23:1-4 lets us know about the “weekly sabbath,” that day set aside each week to honor the Lord. Verse three defines how a sabbath is to be observed, i.e., “…but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.”
However, these are NOT the only sabbaths. Besides the weekly sabbaths there are the High Sabbaths related to the Hebrew Feasts (or Festivals), described in Leviticus 23:4-44.
These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work. (Leviticus 23:4-8)
For example, the verses above speak of two feasts, Passover and Unleavened Bread. Passover starts on the 14th day of Nisan (Hebrew month) and lasts one day. The Feast of Unleavened Bread starts the next day (i.e., the 15th of Nisan) and lasts for seven days.
Please note, the Passover is not a High Sabbath day, this important fact is often overlooked. You can tell because the usual command for a sabbath of “an holy convocation and no servile work is to be done,” is not given for Passover. So while Passover is a feast day, it is not a sabbath day. “Why is that important?” you ask. It was on this day Jesus did the work of redemption. Servile work would have been unlawful on a Sabbath day, so God ordained for this day to be a festival, remembering the lamb’s blood that caused the angel to “Passover” the Israelites in Egypt and pointing to the Lamb who would shed His blood for all mankind.
One other important feast day is not a High Sabbath day, the Feast of First Fruits. Interestingly enough, this is the day of Jesus’ resurrection.
The Lord set forth two sabbath days each for the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Feast of Tabernacles. Leviticus 23:7-8 tells us that both the first and seventh (last) day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is an holy convocation and to do no servile work therein. Leviticus 23:35-36 states the same for the Feast of Tabernacles. As you go through the remaining feasts you will see the same instruction.
Next we need to examine what Jesus said regarding His death.
For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40 NKJV)
(Just a side note: for those who say the story of Jonah is untrue and just a legend—it appears that Jesus doesn’t agree with them!)
Jesus said three days and three nights. There is absolutely no way to get three days and three nights from Friday to Sunday. The chart below shows this, remember a Jewish day starts at sunset rather than midnight.
Day 1 = Friday before Sunset
night 1 = Friday sunset – Saturday sunrise
Day 2 = Saturday sunrise – Saturday sunset
Night 2 = Saturday sunset – Sunday sunrise
Day 3 = Sunday sunrise – resurrection
Assuming Jesus rose from the dead AFTER sunrise on Sunday, which is not stated as such in the Scriptures (the Scriptures merely state that Mary Magdalene went to the tomb right after sunrise), there still are only two nights. There is no way to get three nights in this scenario. To dogmatically choose this position of crucifixion on Friday and Resurrection on Sunday is to choose a position contrary to Jesus’ own prophecy.
Another Scripture to consider is John 12:1, “Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany…”. Jesus was travelling from Jericho. If the crucifixion took place on Friday (which had to also be Passover), then this journey took place on the sabbath. Travelling that distance on the sabbath was legally out of the question for a devout Jew.
What if the crucifixion took place on Thursday? This would certainly add the additional night we need to fulfill Jesus’ prophecy, but it raises a problem with the days because you have to count partial days for either the crucifixion or resurrection, but not for both. The partial days problem can be argued successfully but not conclusively because, as stated earlier, all we are told about the resurrection is that Jesus arose on the day after the weekly sabbath. This could be anytime from Saturday just after sunset to the point where Mary Magdalene saw Him, after sunrise.
Proponents of a Thursday crucifixion might argue counting a partial day for Thursday (the crucifixion), a day for Friday, a day for Saturday (day) and that Jesus arose just after sunset at the beginning of the fourth day which would not be counted. In addition, there would be three full nights in between as well. So Thursday can be argued from the Scriptures.
It is possible to argue for a Wednesday crucifixion if you don’t count partial days (i.e. knowing that Jesus died at 3:00 p.m., you don’t count the three hours of Wednesday as a full 12 hour day). The scenario would be as follows:
Day 0 = Wednesday 3:00pm – sunset
Night 1 = Wednesday sunset – Thursday sunrise
Day 1 = Thursday sunrise – Thursday sunset
Night 2 = Thursday sunset – Friday sunrise
Day 2 = Friday sunrise – Friday sunset
Night 3 = Friday sunset – Saturday sunrise
Day 3 = Saturday sunrise – Saturday sunset
In this view, Jesus is resurrected sometime between sunset on Saturday and sunrise on Sunday, which would be a partial night and therefore not counted.
Now why did the early church decide it was Friday? Read the following verse:
Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. (Mark 15:42-43 NKJV)
They assumed since it was the day before the sabbath, it meant Friday. Here is where our background on the sabbath sheds some light. We know that since the crucifixion was on the Passover, it was automatically the day before a sabbath, no matter what day it was on, because the High Sabbath day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread was the next day. Again, no matter what day Passover was on, the next day was automatically a sabbath.
Holding to a Friday crucifixion really is at odds with Scripture. Scripture does say that it was the Feast of First Fruits when He arose, so we know that the resurrection was Sunday (i.e., sunset Saturday — Sunday sunrise). Therefore, using Jesus’ own words we conclude it was a Wednesday or Thursday crucifixion
If we factor in two more important points there is a stronger case for a Thursday crucifixion:
1. When the Holy Spirit inspired the writing of the Bible (66 books, written by 40 authors over 2000 years), He wove various clues into the text in order for us to verify the authenticity of the Bible. As we see prophecy come to pass we gain more respect for the Word because only the God who knows the end from the beginning could predict with 100% accuracy. God’s plan for redemption is the message of the Scriptures, it is the gospel, or “good news.” There are proclamations or subtle clues on literally every page.
The Feasts were not only historic (i.e., to be celebrated once they left Egypt and settled into the Promised Land of Israel), but also prophetic, pointing to the Savior (read Hebrews 8:1-10:39). It is no coincidence that Jesus was crucified on Passover, the same day God saved the Hebrews from the death in Egypt by placing blood of a lamb on the door posts and door jambs (making a cross). It is no coincidence that Jesus arose from the dead on the feast of First Fruits. It is no coincidence that the Church was officially given the power of the Holy Spirit to proclaim the gospel on the Feast of Pentecost.
There are many other accounts in the Scripture that point specifically to Christ’s redemption of mankind. Let’s go back to Genesis and visit Noah. It is generally held that the ark is a “type” of Jesus. The ark saved Noah and his family from the wrath of God’s judgment upon the evil world. Jesus offers salvation to all those who trust in Him, sparing them from judgment for their sins.
The ark rested, or finished the work of saving Noah’s family on a significant day.
Then the ark rested in the seventh month, the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:4 NKJV)
God instituted a calendar change explained in Exodus, and the seventh month became the first month. It turns out that the same day the ark rested is the 17th day of Nisan, which just happens to be three days and three nights after the 14th of Nisan (the future Passover feast). So that would mean that in prophetic illustration, God caused the ark to rest from the flood (His wrath on an evil world) on the same day that Jesus would rise from the dead to save mankind from the future wrath upon a Christ–rejecting world. Coincidence? Highly unlikely.
Note that for this to be a true prophetic model, the only day of the week that works for a Sunday resurrection on the 17th of Nisan, is a Thursday crucifixion on the 14th day of Nisan.
2. The last argument for a Thursday crucifixion comes from the actions of Mary Magdalene. Why did Mary wait until Sunday to go to the tomb with the ministering oils and herbs? If the crucifixion took place on Wednesday, then Thursday would have been the High Sabbath, making it impossible for her to go to the tomb on that day, but Friday would have been a normal day, with no restrictions. If on the other hand Thursday was the day of the crucifixion, then Friday would have been the high sabbath, and Saturday would have been the weekly sabbath (making it impossible for her to go on Friday or Saturday), leaving Sunday as the first “legal” day she could have made the trip.
With all of that said, it must be noted that the day of the week is not something we know from Scripture. If God wanted us to know whether it was Wednesday, Thursday or Friday, it would have been clearly stated.
What we do know is that it occurred on Passover as a model of the sacrifice of the perfect Lamb, and that He rose again on the Feast of First Fruits, since He is the First Fruit of the resurrection. It is fine to hold a personal view, but unwise to become dogmatic about it. We should celebrate the cross and the resurrection every day of our earthly visit.
|Hebrew 3791 – 3792||Roman year A.D. 31|
|(12a) Adar I||7||8||9||10||11||12||13||18||19||20||21||22||23||24|
|(12b) Adar II||5||6||7||8||9||10||11||18||19||20||21||22||23||24|
|Fast of Esther||Adar II 13, 3791||March 26, 31|
|Purim||Adar II 14-15, 3791||March 27-28, 31|
|Passover Sacrifice (Pesach)||Nisan 14, 3791||April 25, 31|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) (Pesach)||Nisan 15-21, 3791||April 26-May 2, 31|
|Feast of Weeks (Shevuot)||Sivan 8, 3791||June 17, 31|
|Fast of the 17th Day of Tammuz||Tammuz 17, 3791||July 26, 31|
|Fast of the 9th Day of Av||Av 9, 3791||August 16, 31|
|Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)||Tishri 1, 3792||October 6, 31|
|Fast of Gedaliah||Tishri 3, 3792||October 8, 31|
|Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)||Tishri 10, 3792||October 15, 31|
|Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)||Tishri 15-21, 3792||October 20-26, 31|
|The Eighth Day (Shmini Atzeret)||Tishri 22, 3792||October 27, 31|
|Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)||Kislev 25-Tebet 2, 3792||December 29, 31-January 5, 32|
|Molad of Tishri, 3792||Elul 29, 3791, 5 hours, 941 parts||October 4, 31, 11:52:16.67 p.m.|
|Vernal Equinox||Adar II 10, 3791, 15 hours, 89 parts||March 23, 31, 9:04 a.m.|
|Summer Solstice||Sivan 16, 3791, 13 hours, 957 parts||June 25, 31, 7:53 a.m.|
|Autumnal Equinox||Elul 20, 3791, 1 hour, 246 parts||September 25, 31, 7:13 p.m.|
|Winter Solstice||Kislev 19, 3792, 18 hours, 179 parts||December 23, 31, 12:09 p.m.|